Tuesday, December 11, 2012
|Carl Halbirt on Oneida Street|
|Machines Moving Dirt|
|City Water Pipe Trench|
Onieda Street, west of Lake Maria Sanchez, was once the site of an 18th century Yamassee Indian village. When the British attacked the Franciscan missions in north Florida and southeast Georgia, many of the Christian Indians fled to St. Augustine for protection. The City allowed the refugees to establish villages outside the periphery of the city walls. Two of these villages were located in Lincolnville. Pocotolaca, north of South Street and Paleca, south of Bridge Street. Earlier archaeological work on South Street had established the location of the Pocotolaca Village. Carl thought that the current water line work along Oneida might just uncover the location of the mission church in the Pocotolaca Native village.
|Recording a Feature|
|SAAA Members Screening for Artifacts|
|Smudge Pot Feature|
Last week Carl and about 6 volunteers from the St. Augustine Archaeological Association (SAAA) followed the earth moving equipment as it opened a narrow trench along the curb of the street to drop in new plastic water pipes. Every change in the color of the soil on the sides of the trench was noted and recorded. Soil from interesting features was screened for artifacts. The driver of the earth mover conveniently dropped the soil from the features in piles for screening. Everyone was interested in what we would find in the screens.
But alas, last week, the site of the Yamassee mission church was not located. But the work continues next week on Washington Street. Stay tuned for another possible interesting discovery as Carl and his SAAA volunteers move just ahead of the earth moving equipment.
Photos by Mischa Johns