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Saint Augustine, Northeast Florida
Going public with archaeology for outreach, assistance to local governments, and service to the citizens and state of Florida. Visit our website at: http://flpublicarchaeology.org/nerc/
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Archive for December 2015

Holiday Shell Edged Manicure Tutorial


The St. Augustine Archaeology Association holiday party is tomorrow night which means its time again for my holiday-inspired (and archaeologically appropriate) manicure. For those of you also wanting to strike up some late 18th/early 19th century ceramics cheer, here's a tutorial to help you get your brush on!

Blank slate

Start with layers of white

Add thick tip of red to every other nail

Alternate with green tips between the red

To give impression of shell edging, use thin white brush to paint up to nearly the edge of the red tip.

Repeat painting thin white line up to nearly edge of green tip.
Grab a trowel or another holiday prop.

Turns out holiday inspired nails aren't just fun, they're also educational. You can tell those admiring your nails they are based on Rococo-inspired scalloped rim plates, found by archaeologist on sites dating from the late 18th to the early 19th century. Most often we find blue, but plates featuring green and red rims were made between 1775-1810 (JefPat).

Shell edged rims in various colors (Image: Robert Hunter, Chipstone Foundation). 
Text and images: Sarah Miller, FPAN staff except where noted.

Public Archaeology Down Under

A few months ago while traveling in Australia I was inspired by some of the ways archaeology was featured on the streets, incorporated into the architecture, and featured on display at various historical sites.

1. From the Street

This panel looks small but took up an exterior wall above a busy covered sidewalk on George Street close to the Rocks. Archaeology had been done in advance of street improvements on the site, and this looked like an honest effort from the contractors to show what archaeologists found out as a result of their excavation. I'd LOVE to see more urban archaeology displays like this in the cities I visit.

Overall panel.


Close up on maritime industries, economic tie to the area. Project area in red.

Close up of the project area location on historic drawing.

Tools attributed to the Gadigal, Sydney Cove's first inhabitants, found in the lower layers and predate European settlement.

I did look up the site- for more on the project see the GML website.  

2. Integrated into the Architecture

The scale of the next example is difficult to illustrate, but from the pictures you can see the Youth Hostel with silver screens raised in front of the structure. The screens illustrated the size and scale of a former structure left intact UNDER the contemporary building. For more on the site, check out the Big Dig Archaeology Education Centre website.
View from the street.


Open features in situ with wire horse and silver standing screen to illustrated architecture.
Panels and maps help orient the visit to the site.


Cleaver use of wire sculptures to illustrate livestock, note Big Dig Archaeology Education Centre in the background.

More views of interpretation for the public at the YHA site.

Artifact cases feature ceramics, glass, and personal objects of various materials found during excavation.



More open features and interpretation under the main YHA structure.

Chain mail coin purse.

Personal objects such as tooth brushes, syringe, pins, and studs.

3. Artifacts Big and Small on Display

In both Sydney and Canberra we saw archaeology featured prominently in house and national museums. 

 Cadmans Cottage (1816), oldest standing structure in Sydney.







I saw my one and only headstone in Australia at the Rocks Discovery Museum, that of George Graves died 1768. I also learned what a Sailor's Palm was, something like a thimble worn on the pal, to push needles through sailcloth. Many of the domestic artifacts were familiar to me, as ceramics and glass found in Australia and America had British origins. The kids section featured a "Make Your Own Exhibit" activity capitalizing on the educational value of objects. Finally, up on the top floor the museum exhibited works from an annual reconciliation art challenge. Out of respect for the artists I took no photos except of the promotional flier. But it was really the first time I saw the theme of reconciliation explained, and the theme continued throughout all other natural and cultural places we visited. A few of what we in the US would call prehistoric artifacts were on display. The canoe and stone tool styles looked completely foreign to me. 
















National Museum of Australia in Canberra

The National Museum of Australia in Canberra featured two displays I'd like to mention here. One is a display featuring John Mulvaney's tools, considered the father of Australian Archaeology. While I was impressed with the screen and trowel on exhibit, in my search for a better picture I found 58 objects once made or used by John Mulvaney (check 'em out!). The other exhibit I found fascinating was over 300 convict love tokens on dark display (literally, some of the lights were not on). Prepare to be disappointed by my shots from the museum, but on an extremely positive note the museum has a fantastic interactive Convict Love Tokens website where you can learn more about these endearingly personal, modified objects.

Just one of the 58 objects owned by the museum by John Mulvaney.

Convict Love Tokens on display


 Told you- you're gonna wanna visit the Convict Love Tokens website to get a better look.

Text and Photos: Sarah Miller, FPAN Staff

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