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Saint Augustine, Northeast Florida
Going public with archaeology for outreach, assistance to local governments, and service to the citizens and state of Florida. Visit our website at: http://flpublicarchaeology.org/nerc/
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Notes from the Trenches at Nombre de Dios: Week 3!

Flagler College students help out on the dig!

The second week of work at the Mission and Shrine has sped by, with no rain! Thanks again to the Sons of Our Lady and the volunteers from Flagler College and the St. AugustineArchaeological Association, we have now uncovered almost the entire building - the coquina section is in excellent condition, with wide (50 centimeters) shell and rubble footings, and in some places there are traces of the bottom course of the coquina stone walls. Herschel Shepard, the architect who is advising us, tells us that the foundation width could have supported two-story walls.  

Sons of Our Lady moving dirt!

The western portion of the building is a different story.  There the wall footings are narrow trenches (about 25 cm. wide) packed with oyster shells.  Some have a layer of mortar on the top, but no sections of the walls themselves are left .  The footings are very fragile and prone to crumbling, so excavating around them is a balancing act.  In some places, adjacent to the wall footings, there are thin patches of shell and mortar.  We originally thought that these were remnants of tabby walls that fell down.  But there is not enough of this material to account for tabby walls, and there are a lot of coquina chunks around the footings, which is making us re-think the assumption that this section was all constructed of tabby.....

Rubble or wall fall.

These buildings were "blown up with gunpowder" by the Spaniards themselves in 1728. The English raider John Palmer, like James Moore in 1702, had captured and occupied the Mission buildings that year. He severely damaged them before he retreated. The Governor was not going to let that happen again. They salvaged the coquina blocks to rebuild the Mission to the south, across what is today called Hospital Creek and was then called Macaris Creek. 

Pipes in footing.

And as if that destruction was not enough, 20th century workmen laid irrigation lines, iron water lines and electrical conduits through the buried footings. They obviously did not know they were there, but we imagine that they had choice words about the difficult digging! Fortunately, all the disturbance and damage from the 18th to the 20th century has not eliminated the essential archaeological evidence we need to understand the building and its meaning.

Uncovering stone foundations.
Members of the Sons of Our Lady have uncovered much of the wall we mentioned last week, that extends out from the stone building toward the east. After about 5 meters, it seems to turn to the south, so we will continue trying to understand if it is earlier, later, or contemporary in relation to the stone portion of the building. 

So far nothing in either the excavations or the ongoing documentary work that Dr. Tim Johnson is doing has challenged our hypothesis that the eastern, coquina section of the building was the Shrine built by the Governor in 1677, and that the western, potentially tabby section, was added- probably after Moore's raid of 1702. We have recovered San Augustín Blue on White majolica, Castillo Polychrome and PueblaPolychrome majolica, and there is a lot of San Marcos pottery, associated with the Guale and Yamasee Indians who moved close to St. Augustine after about 1600. 

And the first bead was found on Saturday! Turquoise blue, drawn and facetted glass.  So far, nothing dates to later than the period of ca. 1650-1730.  

FPAN at kick off event.

Text and images: Kathleen Deagan

Miss last week's update? All Notes from the Trenches at Nombre de Dios:

And for an illustrated look at Moore's 1702 Raid click to read more.

Check back next week for another update from Dr. Deagan. And thanks again to the project sponsors and partners for making the dig possible!

Notes from the Trenches at Nombre de Dios: Week 2

Here's the latest update from the excavation at the Mission Nombre de Dios, courtesy of Dr. Kathleen Deagan:

Last week was our first full week of excavation at the Mission/Shrine building site. The weekend before we had two volunteer days, and the Sons of Our Lady along with the Flagler College archaeology students and faculty did an amazing job of helping us remove the 2014 backfill. Thanks!!

Despite nearly two full days of intermittent rain, we now have nearly all of the structure exposed. To everyone’s relief, the footings and tabby floor are in excellent condition. Gifford Waters’ 2014 team had lined everything with heavy plastic before the backfill started, and so even with two hurricanes flooding the site in 2016 and 2017, everything looks intact.  ]

While we were excavating, Prof. Tim Johnson and his students were digging into archival material. They have found plans of Catholic hermitages from the early 18th century that are very similar to our building, suggesting that the structure we are uncovering was a hermitage dedicated to Nuestra Señora de la Leche. Those of you who have read Michael Gannon’s The Cross in the Sand (1965, U. of Florida Press) may remember that he wrote that after the attack of James Moore destroyed the buildings at Mission Nombre de Dios in 1702, the hermitage of Nuestra Señora de la Leche was “patiently rebuilt from coquina rock….The reconstructed chapel ran north and south, 33 by 15 feet, and easily accommodated the forty Christian Indians who could still be found at the pioneer mission."   

The coquina portion of the building we are excavating runs north and south, and measures
approximately 35 feet north to south and 21 feet to west. We strongly suspect that the reconstructed chapel Dr. Gannon wrote about was built on the foundations of the original masonry shrine built in 1677 by Governor de Hita y Salazar - the coquina section of the structure. The rest of the building was built  of tabby, and is currently thought to have been constructed after 1702 as the remainder of the hermitage that served as living quarters for the friars. Time and associated artifact materials will tell.

In 2014 Gifford’s team uncovered a badly-deteriorated section of what looked like a foundation at the very southeast corner of the stone building, extending eastward. It was, of course, the last week of the dig when archaeologists always find the best things. We will turn back to that corner next week to investigate the possibility that it might be related to the 1677 – or even earlier – Chapel and Shrine. Stay tuned!

-Kathy Deagan, 10/15/18

Check back next week for on the dig or search #iDigNombreDeDios for updates from the field on social media!

All Notes from the Trenches at Nombre de Dios:
Week 1
Week 3

Special thanks to the 2018 field season sponsors.
All text and images by Kathleen Deagan.

Cemetery Dash 2018

October is here, which means it's time for the 2018 Cemetery Dash! Every year in October, we encourage folks to spend some time in their local historic cemeteries. You could show it some love with a clean up day, give it a good monitoring with our HMS Florida forms, or even just stroll through and enjoy the sites. Whatever you do, just get out there!

The troops fanned out and inspecting Union Grove Cemetery for the oldest stone, unique features and any other important information to include on the site's Florida Master Site File Form.

We kicked off the month with a dash through some of Putnam County's unrecorded cemeteries. A group of volunteers from the area helped us fill out the Florida Master Site File forms for each of the 3 cemeteries, take photos of the sites and any unique features, and collect GPS points. All of this information will be filed with the State's Site File to offer some protection to the sites. Below are a few photos of highlights from our dash through the sites.

Sign at the entrance of Etoniah Cemetery in Bardin.
My first white zinc monument spotted in the wild! From Etoniah Cemetery.
Beautiful vernacular stone from Union Grove Baptist Church.
Two of Harlem's postmasters at Providence Baptist Church Cemetery. A parishioner we meet at the site told us that Mrs. Minton took over from Mr. Minton after he grew sick. Unfortunately, only he got the post-mortem recognition!
And what Halloween blog is complete without a bit (preservation) horror! A pile of foot stones sadly removed from their original locations and piled in the corner of Union Grove Cemetery.

Be sure to check out our map of historic cemeteries throughout the State. And our flier with some best practices for cemetery clean ups!

Notes from the Trenches at Nombre de Dios: Week 1

We have a special guest this fall...none other than Dr. Kathleen Deagan reporting from the dig out at Nombre de Dios running October 8 - November 30, 2018! Take it away Dr. Deagan:

Drone footage of Mission excavation, courtesy of Chad Light.
Archaeologists made an unexpected discovery at this spot in 2011. Coquina, tabby and oyster shell foundations were uncovered just inches under the sod, outlining a building of about 80 by 40 feet.  Artifacts found with the foundation date to the late 17th and early 18th centuries- indicating that the building is more than 300 years old.

The east half of the building was made of coquina block, and the west half of poured tabby cement. We currently suspect that the coquina section was built by the Spanish Governor Don Pablo de Hita y Salazar in 1677 in honor of Nuestra Señora de la Leche y Buen Parto (Our Lady of Milk and a Safe, Happy Delivery). The Governor boasted that “there was no other like it in the provinces."

Nombre de Dios site map, courtesy of Dr. Gifford Waters.
Drone footage of Mission excavation, courtesy of Chad Light.

That building was badly damaged in 1702, when James Moore, the then-Governor of British South Carolina, attacked and burned St. Augustine. The shrine was rebuilt, and a convento (monastery) was also built. We suspect that the tabby section of the building was the renovation and convent addition after 1702.

Our excavations are currently uncovering, cleaning, and mapping the foundations in order to test these hypotheses – was this the 1677 Shrine with the convento added after 1702? The layering of soil and post stains, along with the artifacts recovered in the soil, will help answer that question. 

Archaeologist excavate to reveal building foundation.
San Augustin Blue on White plate (1700-1750), courtesy Dr. Gifford Waters.

The 2018 excavation has four basic goals:
  1. To fully reveal and document the foundation with maps and photographs.
  2. To determine the sequence of building, and how the building itself was used.
  3. To document the foundation with photogrammetry and laser scanning in order to create a 3-D model.
  4. To assess the physical condition of the foundations themselves to determine if it will be possible to keep them exposed for public viewing. 

In pursuing these goals, we also expect to recover artifacts plant remains and animal bones that can help us understand details the life at the Mission.

1587  Mission Nombre de Dios established by Franciscans.
1606  216 native people and 20 "españoles" living at the Mission.
1620s Statue and Shrine of Nuestra Señora de la Leche brought to the Mission.
1654  Smallpox epidemic nearly wiped out Mission occupants. 
          Friars were not in residence, but lived at the Convento de San Francisco in town.
1674  30 native people reported to be living at Nombre de Dios.
1677  Governor de Hita y Salazar reports "I have build a church for Our Lady (of La Leche) of 
          mortar and masonry, the only one like it in the province."
1689  20 families reported to be living at the Mission.
1702  Nombre de Dios attacked and burned by English Col James Moore.
1711  39 Timucuans reported to be living at the Mission.
1726  62 Timucuans and Chiluca Indians at the Mission- stone church and convent noted.
1728  Spaniards below up the stone building to prevent its use by the British. 
          Entire Mission community and Shrine moved to the other side of Hospital Creek.
1934  Christain Native American burials discovered in a 40 x 80 foot area.

Text and Images: Dr. Kathleen Deagan, except where noted. Special thanks to Chad Light for providing drone views of the site and Dr. Gifford Waters for site information and images.

Check back next week for on the dig or search #iDigNombreDeDios for updates from the field on social media!

All Notes from the Trenches at Nombre de Dios:
Week 2
Week 3

For further reading:
Unearthing a Rare Stone Mission Church in St. Augustine (2014)

And thank you to the Nombre de Dios 2018 field season sponsors!

Guidelines for Cemetery Cleanups

It's that time of year! Weather is cooling off, Halloween gets us in the mood to get out into local cemeteries, and Veterans Day is a poinent reminder to honor those who have served by tending to their final resting places.

Due to  cleanup efforts popping up all over the region, we put together this quick guide so cemetery stewards can keep on with the good efforts they intended and do no harm to cultural resources in their community.

Text and images of grave goods: Sarah Miller, FPAN staff

Plant images: Wikipedia images based on information from Florida Master Site File historical cemetery form.

Nombre de Dios Cemetery Recording Project Completed

The Nombre de Dios Cemetery Recording Project is now complete!  We began the project in April and just had our final field day last week.  I cannot imagine a more beautiful or peaceful place to spend a work morning!

Of course you're now asking, what exactly occurred during this 5 month period Well...
  • 85 - Individual markers were transcribed, measured, assessed and photographed
  • 51 - 10 x 10 meter blocks were measured and mapped
  • 115 - Hours were worked in the field
  • 9 - Volunteers worked in the cemetery (not usually all at once) 

(If you want more details, see our April Nombre De Dios Cemetery Blog Post  when we kicked off the project).

So, the next logical question that could be asked is - why? Why would FPAN and volunteers spend so many hours working in Nombre De Dios Cemetery?  Well, because:

it's fun...

It's relaxing...

It's entertaining...


And above all, we know that we are protecting this information for generations to come.

volunteer recording a headstone in Nombre De Dios Cemetery

The Catholic Diocese does a great job of maintaining the cemetery.  But since 1884 (when the cemetery was established),  many of these markers have been broken and repaired multiple times structurally compromising the stone.

broken and repaired headstone in Nombre De Dios Cemetery

Another threat to the markers are hurricanes!  The  Nombre grounds encountered major flooding during Hurricanes Irma and Matthew.  The Diocese is working diligently to mitigate future flood damage.   But being located right on the water, Nombre de Dios will naturally be at risk with future storms and impending sea level rise.

coastal defenses in the works at Nombre De Dios Cemetery

The title of this post isn't entirely accurate since it's just the project's field work that is now complete.  The next step will be entering all of the recorded information into a google docs spreadsheet, digitizing the hand drawn maps and getting all of this information available to the public through RICHES.

So, my view has gone from this:
To this:

Stay tuned for our next cemetery recording project!

Text and Photos by FPAN Staff; Robbie Boggs

Florida DHR Grants

Every year, the Florida Division of Historic Resources (DHR) awards small matching (up to $50,000) and special category (up to $500,000) grants to help state agencies, state universities, local governments and non-profit organizations with the preservation and protection of the state's historic and archaeological sites and properties. But how does a grant get made? Let's take a look at the program!

The first step is to apply! Eligible applicants include public entities such as counties or municipalities, school districts, state colleges or universities, agencies of state government, and non-profit organizations. Projects that could be funded through the Small Matching Grants program include:
  • surveys
  • planning projects like condition assessments or predictive modeling
  • preparation of National Register Nomination forms
  • education and publication projects
  • starting or re-starting Main Street programs
  • historical markers
  • special statewide projects that address historic preservation 
Projects that could be funded through the Special Category Grants program include:
  • development projects with the mission of preservation, restoration, rehabilitation, or reconstruction of historic properties
  • archaeological research projects
  • permanent museum exhibits
  • acquisition projects for historic properties or archaeological sites

The submitted grant proposals are reviewed by DHR staff to ensure they meet the requirements and standards through the State's program. Then they are evaluated and ranked by the Florida Historical Commission on the basis of historic significance, endangerment, appropriateness of the preservation treatment proposed, administrative capability of the organization, adequacy of technical and financial resources, educational potential, economic benefits, and public good resulting from the project. The meeting is open to the public and applicants are invited to come to answer questions about their proposals.

But the journey isn't over yet! The ranked grant list is given to the State legislation, who ultimately decide which programs get funded. Each year, they make the decision of how much funding to appropriate to the grant program and the grants are funded in order of ranking.

FPAN Staff answering questions about their grant for HMS Florida.
This year, FPAN applied for a Special Category Grant to help secure more equipment and staff to supplement our Heritage Monitoring Scouts (HMS Florida) program. We're excited to announce we were ranked #7 on the list and eagerly anticipate next year's budgeting process to see if we will receive funding. Click here for the full list of this year's grant rankings. And stay tuned for updates!

Check out the DHR's website on the grant programs for more information.

Text and photos by Emily Jane Murray, FPAN staff, unless otherwise noted. Details for the grant program reproduced from the Division of Historic Resources website: https://dos.myflorida.com/historical/grants/.

Exploring Florida: House of Refuge at Gilbert's Bar

House of Refuge as of August 22nd 2018 (sometimes I wonder how I got this job)

In the southern most point in the East Central Region is the House of Refuge, the last remaining U.S. Life Saving Station. The history and archaeology of the site is quite interesting, and the museum (and publicly accessible beach) is definitely worth a visit!

During the time of sailing vessels the lower east coast of Florida was a dangerous area. Rough unpredictable weather, reefs, and an inhospitable landscape lead to not only a loss of merchant goods, but a loss of life. 

In 1876 the U.S. Life Saving Service was developed to assist in mitigating the lost of life after shipwrecks. Part of their mission was to construct 5 houses of refuge between Biscayne Bay and Vero Beach. These houses would be safe havens for sailors who wrecked off shore. Each house would have a caretaker who was charged with walking the beaches after storms to look for wreckage, and supplies for sailors they found washed ashore.  

Geology fact: Anastasia rock formation is a mixture of quartz sand
and coquina formed Pleistocene epoch. 2.67 million years ago.
Of the 5 houses of refuge, one was constructed on "Gilbert's Bar" or "St. Lucie Rocks" an outcropping of Anastasia rock formation on Hutchinson Island. The rocks protect the home from large scale erosion events, but also cause the ocean spray to impact the house directly. The house was only moved from its original 1876 location once after the 1933 hurricane. The house was moved 30 feet further inland for protection. if you visit today, you can see how the rising seas have affected the house. 30 feet was not that far inland.

Shell artifacts and replicas at the museum.

Archaeologists who have conducted work at the House of Refuge have found evidence of humans dating back to 4,000 years ago. The house itself was actually built on top of a native American shell mound and there are mound sites scattered all along Hutchinson Island.

The keepers of the houses of refuge performed similar duties to that of light house keepers. They maintained the houses, patrolled the beaches, kept supplies in case of storms, and were required to keep a daily log of activities. These log books tell the tale of the perils of sea at the time, including recording the events surrounding back to back shipwrecks that happened near Gilbert's Bar in 1904.

Living room of the House of Refuge 
The reports surroundings the back to back wrecks tell more about the shelter provided by the Keepers than the daily logs can ever tell us. The Keepers created temporary homes for the shipwrecked men. From Mrs. Rea, the wife of William Rea, one of the keepers recorded more personal information the sailors and their time at the House of Refuge. Including how the men slept in the boat house by choice because the beds were too soft, that the government only provided 25 cents per meal for a non American sailor, and that they were not required to provide sugar or butter to the men, but she "did not have the heart to carry out these regulations". 

Mrs. Rea took care of the shipwrecked men as though they were family. Including years later she received a post card from italy from one of the shipwrecked sailors stating, "Dear Mother, I have news to tell you; I take marriage."

The story of the shipwrecks are for another blog post and another time, and as for the rest of history of the House of Refuge, you can visit yourself!

Entrance to the House of Refuge
House of Refuge
301 SE MacArthur Blvd., Stuart, FL 34996

Monday- Satuday 10-4
Sunday 1-4

Admission charged.

All photos taken by FPAN Staff if not otherwise noted

Happy 50th Birthday Flagler College!

Happy Birthday Flagler College!  This Fall, Flagler College is celebrating its 50th Anniversary with events throughout the year (to see an events list, click here).  In 1968, the college first opened its doors to women.  Since that time, Flagler has given diplomas to 18,000 graduates.

For about a decade now, I've walked past countless student lead tours and always thought "I should take one of those some day!"  This being such a momentous year, I figured it was now or never. 

Historic Tour of Flagler College
 Of course, there was some information on the tour that I already knew:
If you live in St. Augustine (or Miami or Palm Beach) and don't live in a cave, you most likely are familiar with Henry Flagler, a founder of Standard Oil and business partner of John D. Rockefeller.   Flagler played a key roll in developing the Atlantic Coast of Florida and the Florida East Coast Railway.  (If you want to read more on the subject, check out Les Standiford's book Last Train To Paradise: Henry Flagler and the Spectacular Rise and Fall of the Railroad that Crossed an Ocean).

Last Train to Paradise by Les Staniford

Flagler built the exquisite Ponce Hotel in St. Augustine, FL in just 18 months.  It was completed in 1887.  (The hotel now holds Flagler College's administrative offices, girls dorm rooms and the college dining hall). 

The original Ponce Hotel that is now Flagler College (photo by Dreamstime.com)

But, I also discovered many new things from taking the tour!  Here is just a sampling:

The Women's Grand Parlor (now known as the Flagler Room) was where the ladies would be ushered upon arrival.  Women were not allowed to witness money transactions (they might faint!)  Their husbands paid  for the entire season's stay upfront and in cash ($4,000 which today translates to about $100,000).

A fainting Vicotiran lady (photo by: todayifoundout.com)

The Women's Parlor has 11 handmade Austrian crystal chandeliers and a clock containing the largest piece of intact white onyx in the western hemisphere.

largest piece of intact onyx in western hemisphere

The dining room contains hand painted murals and 79 Tiffany Stained Glass windows (how many college students to get to eat in a place like that!)  The dining room also has TWO musicians' balconies.  There were two because Henry Flagler never wanted the music to stop!  Two balconies allowed one band to set up while the other was winding down without missing a beat.

One of two musician balcony's in the Flagler College Dining Hall
Today, the dining hall's chairs are mostly replicas, but there are still a few originals in the mix.  You'll know that you're sitting in an original horse-hair stuffed Flagler era chair if it has wheels attached to the front legs (so men could scoot their large hoop-skirted wives' into the table).  Another indicator is the  cherub baby head behind you.  If your chair's baby head is looking angry, you're in a replica.  If the baby is gazing at you pleasantly, you're in an original Pone Hotel chair!

original Ponce Hotel dining chair

replica Pone Hotel dining chair

And last but not least, I learned the Henry Flagler had his own, private entrance into the Ponce Hotel Dining Hall (I never knew this existed before the tour!)

Henry Flagler's private dining hall entrance

For details on how you can take your own Flagler College Historic Tour, lead by an authentic and enthusiastic Flagler College student, click here: Historical Tours of Flagler College.

TEXT and Photos (except where noted) by FPAN Staff:  Robbie Boggs 

Conversations about Conferences (and Workshops!): PIN/NCPTT Photogrammetry Workshop

Emily Jane and Nicole doing image capture
While we usually talk about conferences in this blog series, Emma, Nicole (from out Northwest region) and I recently attended a photogrammetry workshop sponsored by the University of Florida's Preservation Institute Nantucket and the National Park Service's National Center for Preservation Technology and Training. When we got back, Emma and I sat down for a little debrief about the experience.

EJM: What did you expect in attending the Photogrammetry Workshop?

EED: I honestly expected to walk out with the ability to make a basic model. I never thought that I would walk away with the knowledge of the history of photogrammetry, physical guides, and the ability to make measurable models!

EED: What did you hope to get out of it?

EJM: Well, I hoped to learn a little more about how to do photogrammetry. I've had a few informal crash courses in the topic from colleagues, but never felt that comfortable with the process. I've made a few good models but had lots of bad ones as well. I wanted to get proficient enough that I could easily create models, without huge errors and issues.

EED: I was hoping to actually learn about photogrammetry period! My understanding of photogrammetry came from watching YouTube videos for a few hours, nothing that would make me capable of filling Kevin's very large shoes! I was just hoping to be able to create one

EED: So what did you actually learn?

EJM: I certainly learned a lot! I think the most interested bits I learned was the history of it all. The modern idea of photogrammtery has it's routes in using photographs with known scale to get measurements of objects. The first use of the technic is credited to Albrecht Meydenbauer. He published an article in the Berlin Architectural Society's weekly journal in 1867 discussing the use of photographs to measure building dimensions for a survey of Berlin, something he developed after he fell from the roof of a church while trying to measure in person.

EJM: What was the hardest part of attending the workshop?

EED: I think the hardest part for me was technical difficulties! My laptop battery wouldn't keep a charge and I was having issues with my licence for the software! The people at AgiSoft became close friends, they were seriously amazing when trying to help me get my licence back so I could do all the steps!

EED: What will you bring back for the public for their benefit?

Emily Jane's model of a dinosaur bone created at the workshop.

I hope to make Florida archaeological sites and artifacts more accessible to people using the technology. I've already modeled the oldest stone in Hibernia Cemetery over in Fleming Island.

EED: Ditto, minus the already completed model. Emily Jane is more on top of her modeling practice than I am!

EJM: What activities did you do, with the workshop or in Nantucket?

Emma and Nicole capturing images of the cottage to create our model.
EED: I absolutely loved that the workshop incorporated the documentation project for the Preservation Institute. At the end of the workshop I felt as though I was contributing more than just my own knowledge growth.

I was also ecstatic to be able to visit Nantucket! I grew up learning about the Whaling industry and was just happy to walk around the harbor front.

EJM: Most of the workshop was spent in the classroom, going through tutorials and listening to lectures about the process. We did get into the field to capture photos of some cottages that were slated for demolition - part of a larger documentation project for the Preservation Institute.

But when I had a bit of downtime, I made it to the Whaling Museum and a few other historic sites. Nantucket is one of the most in-tact historic maritime communities in the United States, so I couldn't help but do some site-seeing!

Tom Noble instructing students how to capture images for a model.
EED: Anything that surprised you?

EJM: While I knew the workshop would be excellent given the hosts, I had no idea the instructors would be two of the pioneers in the field! Both Neffra and Tom had such a wealth of knowledge - and were so gracious with sharing their expertise - that I know I got the best crash course in the subject that I could have.

EED: I would have to agree! I never expected the workshop to be hosted by Neffra and Tom. The wealth of information those two have on the subject is crazy!

EED: Future plans?

EJM: As I mentioned, I wanted the process to become easier so I could create more models. Emma, Nicole and I set a pack to create at least 1 model a week, so I have a lot to work on!

EED: Emily Jane is on the ball with the modeling. Although I hope to do a model a week. I think it might be more like a model a month?

Words and Images by Emily Jane Murray and Emma Dietrich, FPAN Staff.

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