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Saint Augustine, Northeast Florida
Going public with archaeology for outreach, assistance to local governments, and service to the citizens and state of Florida. Visit our website at: http://flpublicarchaeology.org/nerc/
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Archaeology and Horror

Archaeology is not really something that people associate with horror. Action movies are generally the only genre Hollywood associates with archaeology. However that doesn’t mean archaeology doesn’t have its place in terror. For those of you who are fans of Halloween Horror Nights, there is a house this year that has certain archaeological overtones. 

Tomb of the Ancients is an original house this year focusing on the awakening of  “ancient ones” from their slumber. The house description online is vague so I wasn’t really going into the house expecting much. However as soon as the line turned to the front of the house, I realized what I was getting into. There was a white work truck parked among a ton of palm trees in front of a temple face that was covered in vines. My friend immediately turned to me and said, “This is like an archaeology house,” nudging me jokingly. He wasn’t wrong though. The storyline of the house featured people, who I assume to be archaeologists or some kind of tomb raiders, stumbling upon an ancient temple and stirring up ancient evil that resided inside. Despite the Mayan looking temple facade, the inside was pure Egyptian. There were Egyptian styled hieroglyphs, sarcophagus, mummies, and even some scare actors dressed as Anubis. I won’t spoil too much for you, but it was a clear conglomeration of different cultures. The house was fun, for those of you who will end up at Horror Nights this year and are debating on whether or not to give it a shot.

This isn’t the first case of the entertainment industry using the trope of unsuspecting archaeologists unearthing ancient curses. It’s a trope that has been used so much there’s actually an onion article about it

Universal has also done this before, just without mentioning actual archaeologists. In The Mummy, Evelyn an aspiring Egyptologist travels to the fictional city of Hamunaptra along with a rival group of treasure hunters. Evelyn is not an archaeologist, but a librarian and arguably a historian. However, the team goes excavating in search of an ancient book and treasure. They awaken an ancient curse and resurrect a mummy who goes on a killing spree. The Halloween horror nights house is very reminiscent of The Mummy franchise.

mummy reboot release date The Mummy Reboot Plot Details Revealed?

 
 
A lesser-known horror movie The Ruins focuses around an archaeological dig site. The movie is set around Mayan ruins and a group of tourists who are helping a man look for his brother, an archaeologist who has gone missing. I won’t spoil the movie for you, but it is implied that said missing archaeologists stumbled upon a cursed temple and has brought said curse upon themselves and their friends.


Archaeology has always had a strange position in pop culture; either we are associated with Indiana Jones and his action packed scenes of running from booby trapped temples, or with unearthing ancient evils. There doesn’t seem to be much in between. So do archaeologists spend their time uncovering ancient evil and fleeing giant boulders? Well, no, but that doesn’t mean we don’t find “malicious” artifacts. In August, archaeologists in Serbia unearthed gold curse tablets. The inscriptions were thought to be magical spells invoking the powers of good and evil.  Similarly there were 4th century BC lead curse tablets excavated from a cemetery near Athens that had inscriptions cursing business owners. A robber who stole two ballista from an Israeli dig site in the 1990s returned them claiming that they had brought him nothing but suffering since he took them. 

While we may not unearth ancient curses and resurrect mummies, archaeologists do occasionally find artifacts worthy of the silver screen. Personally, being a big fan of horror, I'd rather have people think my job involves interpreting ancient curses than the misconception that I dig up dinosaur bones for a living. 

Written by: Megan Liebold, FPAN Staff
Image credits: http://screenrant.com/mummy-movie-reboot-story-details/, http://www.blu-ray.com/movies/The-Ruins-Blu-ray/884/, 

FPAN 3D Public Archaeology

Helping to Lead the Way in 3D Public Archaeology




Last year, several FPAN staff began to engage with a new type of technology that was making waves in the field of archaeology: 3D visualization of archaeological sites and artifacts (see here and here). Three-dimensional models of artifacts and archaeological sites have been around for a few years now, though for much of that time the hardware and software required to undertake a project was a bit cost-prohibitive, at least to us. However, as cost and 3D technology began to make a pivot towards more public use, we jumped at the opportunity to see what we could do with it. We were lucky in having colleagues, such as those at the VCU Virtual Curation Laboratory,  who had ventured into the field already and were able to give us much needed pointers. At FPAN, we immediately saw how this emerging technology could couple with our archaeology education outreach to engage the public in new and exciting ways.

Recently, we saw that the new Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture has partnered with Google to assist in engineering a portion of the museum that will provide access to more of the museum's collections through 3D visualization. Many museums have the mass of their collections in storage, due to the fact that there is simply not enough space to display these items, or that the items are too fragile for display. This new, interactive display will allow visitors to follow their personal interests through a vast collection of artifacts that have been modeled and interpreted by museum staff. In a way, this creates a unique visitor experience for each and every person that comes to the museum. Astonishing!

But, FPAN got there first! We have been busy creating 3D models of artifacts and archaeological sites that the public is able to interact with through our Sketchfab site. There, you can see unique items up close and personal. You can even, if you are able to, download the item for 3D printing. Of course, this is just some friendly bragging; several groups preceded us and there are sure to be many who will follow us in utilizing this new technology. What is important is that the public now has ways to interact with archaeological resources from around the world in ways they have never been capable of before. Want to visit the British Museum, but can't afford an airline ticket? Have a lunch break to check out what archaeologists in Korea are working on? Want to see what a shipwreck looks like, but don't want to bother with all that pesky SCUBA diving? Take a peek here. Certainly, this new trend in interpretation and engagement is taking solid hold, and we're happy to see the Smithsonian embrace the technology for the public!
FPAN will continue in incorporating 3D technology in our future outreach and will also apply it to current curriculum. Plenty of projects are in the works, and we are currently working on incorporating 3D models to our current Project Archaeology curricula for Kingsley Plantation and Florida Lighthouses. But, stay tuned for more!


You can learn more by checking out the links above, or you can swing by the 3D Public Archaeology Working Group Facebook page where professionals from around the world share ideas, answer questions, and show what they're currently working on. No prior knowledge needed; we're happy to talk anytime!

Text and Pics: Kevin Gidusko
Models: Kevin Gidusko and Tristan Harrenstein

HMS Florida: Now accepting volunteers!


For a few months we've been working to develop a program called Heritage Monitoring Scouts (HMS Florida) to engage the public in helping us: 
  1. Verify site information
  2. Monitor sites at risk
  3. Make a difference 
This data can help guide how archaeological sites to be impacted by climate change, most notably by sea level rise, will be managed. 

How to get involved? Fill out the HMS Florida volunteer application form  or visit the HMS Florida website.  You must check the box saying you have read and will comply with the Ethics Statement and Agreement at the bottom to participate. If you'd rather send your information by email, contact HMSflorida@fpan.us

Multiple regions are conducting pilots and could use your help. In other areas projects are just in the beginning stages, please be patient, but we'll be sure to let you know when opportunities become available near you.

Need more information? Here's who, what, when, where, why, and how. And don't forget to check the FPAN website for other education and outreach opportunities year-round. 



___________________________________________________

Why - Florida Sites at Risk

Image courtesy of  Florida Master Site File.
As of 2013 the state identified 16,015 historical resources to be impacted by a 1 meter rise in sea level, numbers reaching 34,786 given a 2 meter rise scenario. Of these, 2,908 are archaeological sites (or 3,985 in the 2 meter scenario). Additionally, 630 historic cemeteries are estimated to be at risk from storm surge. More information is needed to identify and manage the threat of erosion on archaeological sites.

Who - Monitoring Scouts


The public is encouraged to apply for the HMS Florida program to help monitor archaeological sites across the state. Ideal scout candidates are environmentally friendly volunteers interested in Florida's past ready to help FPAN staff and land managers. As they rise to the level of Master Scouts, their responsibilities will grow as they work independently monitoring sites and areas selected by mentors. Some Scouts may visit the same site multiple times, others may want to visit different sites each time. 

Where – Shoreline

Previously recorded sites potentially threatened by erosion due to rising sea levels, storm surge, development, and other climate change related changes to the landscape. Ideal sites can be accessed by hiking, biking, paddling, diving or other recreational activities. 



How- HMS Mission sheets and reporting form

Scouts will be given a HMS Mission sheet generated by FPAN staff and fill out a Scout monitoring form to verify location, assess condition, and estimate threat. While a beta version of field forms are currently in use, an integrated website is in development that will integrate site information and reporting for ease of Scout use. Quarterly updates on sites visited will be shared with the Florida Division of Historical Resources as state land monitoring is needed and condition report required. An annual report of HMS Florida outcomes and results will also be submitted. 


When—May 2016 to August 2020

Phase I: May-August 2016 FPAN staff conducted summer pilot programs and hosted 1st Tidally United summit in St. Augustine.
Phase II: August 2016-January 2017 Pilot programs by Mentors continue to work with Monitoring Scouts to develop Master Scouts in approved locations. 
Phase III: Summer 2017 Master Scouts work with new Monitoring Scouts to provide in the field training and regularly submit updates of site conditions.

What—Training and Support


Initial training received by attending HMS Florida events offered across the state by Mentors, during a Tidally United: State of the Shoreline summit, or in the field with Mentor led site visits. The first Tidally United summit took place in St. Augustine August 5-6, 2016. The 2nd annual meeting is proposed to take place in June 2017 in South Florida, contact southeast@fpan.us for more information. Supporting resources for Scouts will be posted online to the HMS Florida and Tidally United pages.



Text and Images: Sarah Miller and Emily Jane Murray, FPAN staff unless otherwise noted

Better Know SAAA Speaker: Matt Armstrong


Matt Armstrong is the Digital Preservation Curator for The Government House Research Collection in St. Augustine (and a former FPAN intern!)  He's giving Tuesday night's lecture for the St. Augustine Archaeology Association.  I got a chance to ask Matt a few questions before the big night...



1. You are scheduled to talk Tuesday for SAAA at Flagler College about Archaeology on St. George Street in the 1960’s.  Why the 1960’s vs. another decade?

It was a really interesting time in St. Augustine because the the Historical Restoration and Preservation Commission had just been formed (1959) and they hit the ground running. Their work and their vision for the city helped to literally recreate the streetscape of downtown. A big checkpoint for them was the Quadricentennial Celebration in 1965, so the push to get a chunk of projects done before then made things exciting. 

2.  The Historical Restoration and Preservation Commission - I suppose their mission is somewhat self-explanatory from the title but what had this commission initially set out to accomplish?

They were a state-funded agency that was created to protect and promote the history of St. Augustine. Their goals are outlined in the enabling legislation, signed in 1959, as being "to acquire, restore, preserve, maintain, reconstruct, and operate for the use, benefit, education, recreation, enjoyment and general welfare" of the citizens and visitors to St. Augustine. Most of the interpretation of these sites focused on the Spanish colonial periods of the city's history. 
3.   How does your job as Digital Preservation Curator at the Government house, connect to Tuesday’s talk? 

The Government House Research Collection is actually the research material of the Historical Restoration and Preservation Commission - which changed it's name to the Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board (HSAPB) in 1968. The HSAPB operated until 1997 and collection is a valuable resource into some of the early preservation and archaeological work in downtown St. Augustine. 

4.  What kind of items do you have in your collection? 

All sorts of cool stuff. Maps, photographs/negatives , slides, architectural drawings, archaeological maps, historical documents, research notes, archaeological reports, etc. All the material pertains to the work of the HSAPB - it helped to inform their restoration work, reconstructions of historic buildings, and how the sites were interpreted. 
5.  Is this collection open to the public?

The collection is very much open to the public!  I made a website to help people access the material in the collection:
 
6.  What do you personally find most interesting about archaeology on St. George Street in 1960’s? 

I am going to decline to answer this one, because I don't want to give too many of cool things away for the talk!

So Matt left us with a cliffhanger!  You will have to attend his presentation to get the answer to that question.
Come meet Matt and hear his presentation Tuesday night (Sept. 6th), 7 pm in the Flagler Room at Flagler College for the St. Augustine Archaeology Association.  This event is free and open to the public.  


Text: Robbie Boggs, FPAN Staff 
Images:  Top Photo: Brian Miller with St. Augustine Social Magazine,
All other photos:UFHSA Government House Research Collection
 

Summertime Fun at the Library

Emily Jane talks coquina to kids in Hastings
Summertime is one of our favorite times of the year because it means spending some quality time at the library! But we're not just there to find a good book -- we're there to talk about archaeology!

Every year, the public library systems participate in a Collaborative Summer Library Program that involve fun and educational activities and a reading challenge. For the past few years, FPAN has been invited to numerous local libraries across the state as well as summer camps and other programs.


NPS campers try their hand at gigging fish (Swedish Fish!)
This year alone, we provided outreach to over 1,100 people throughout our Northeast and East Central regions! These programs have included events at libraries for kids and adults, visits to summer camps and YMCA events.

That's a lot of outreach!

While this summer is winding down, we do have some great workshops and events in the plans for the fall.

If you're interested in scheduling programming, please check out our website for a list of options and to fill out a program request form: Northeast or East Central.

Words and text by Emily Jane Murray, FPAN Staff.

Meet Caitlin, the East Central Region's New Outreach Assistant!

Hello from the East Central region! I must say I am extremely happy to have become a member of the FPAN team as an Outreach Assistant to both learn and teach others about how incredibly rich Florida is with archaeology. This opportunity could not have come at a better time, having just graduated from the University of Central Florida roughly 3 weeks ago. I left many brilliant professors and future colleagues after graduating with my B.A. in Anthropology. During my studies I focused on bioarchaeology (the study of human skeletal remains in an archaeological context) and forensic anthropology (the application of law and the analysis of modern human remains). Now, I know you immediately jumped to the television series Bones when I said forensic anthropology, but this work is much more meticulous and less glorified than the show reveals.

Continuing my academic career beyond the classroom, I have delved into public archaeology and the marriage of archaeology and environmental science. It turns out my professors prepared me well for field work with colleagues. Last summer I took part in a National Science Foundation Undergraduate Research Experience program in Sicily, Italy. It was there that I had my first foray into the world of professional archaeology.
My NSF program research investigated human skeletal remains from the 5th century Greek colony Himera. After years of explaining to my non-anthropology friends exactly what I was ecstatic about, and what had me reading scientific journal articles non-stop, I began to wonder what the public perception of archaeology as a field really was. Fortunately, I will be able to engage with these questions in my new position.

In this position I will be able to see first-hand what the public sees on the other side of the pit wall when peering in. Besides that, I will be able to geek out about the precious history the Earth has to offer us, especially when it comes to Florida archaeology. That offering is years of knowledge and insight into how people once inhabited these lands and how we can improve our own interactions with the land to protect it for future generations!

Glad to be a part of the team,

CSawyer@Flagler.edu
904-669-3800
Me at some ruins in the city of  Cefal├╣ in Sicily,Italy


Botanical Garden at the University of Georgia

Me and one of my directors on site in Sicily, Italy

Texts and pics: Caitlin Sawyer
 

Tidally United: Cultural Resources Shoreline Monitoring and Public Engagement Summit

Join us this Friday & Saturday (August 5 & 6, 2016) for the Tidally United: Cultural Resources Shoreline Monitoring and Public Engagement Summit!



Read below for agenda, speaker bios and abstracts of presentations. Not yet registered? Registration is free and open to the public but some sessions are nearing their max, so send in today to secure your spot! Link to REGISTRATION

SUMMIT AGENDA
Tidally United:
Cultural Resources Shoreline Monitoring and Public Engagement Summit
Flagler College, St. Augustine, FL
August 5-6, 2016

Friday, August 5, 7 am – 8 pm  2nd Floor Ringhaver Student Center, Flagler College
7:00 am        Peripatetic Preservationists: Pre-Summit Plaza Monuments Tour (optional)
8:30 am        Registration, Ringhaver Student Center, Flagler College
9:00 am        Welcome  – Dr.  William T. Abare, Jr., President, Flagler College
                                Introductions – Dr. Leslee Keys and Sarah Miller
9:15 am        Theme I: Interpreting Heritage at Risk for the Public
           Dr. Randy Parkinson, Environmental Remediation & Recovery, Inc.
Case Study: Sarah Miller, MA, RPA, FPAN: Heritage Monitoring Scouts
Case Study: Austin Burkhard, UWF: Shoreline monitoring in Virginia
10:15 am      Theme II: Impacts of Climate Change on Archaeological Sites
            Dr. Margo Schwadron, Southeast Archaeological Center (NPS)
            Owen Wright, MA, Ecology and Environment, Inc.
            Case Study: Gary Ellis, MA, GARI: Monitoring Gulf Sites
 Case Study: Rachael Kangas, MA, RPA, FPAN: Pine Island Case Study
11:15 am       Theme III: Impacts of Climate Change on Buildings and Structures
            Dr. Leslee Keys, Flagler College
 Case Study: Adrienne Burke, Esq., MSAS, Riverside Avondale Preservation
 Case Study: Jennifer Wolfe, MSAS, City of St. Augustine
12:00 pm      Lunch provided
 Keynote — Lisa Craig, Chief of Historic Preservation, City of Annapolis
1:30 pm        Theme IV: Advocacy, Public Engagement, and Cultural Resources
            Dr. Judith Bense, President, University of West Florida
 Case Study: Barbara Clark, MA, RPA, FPAN: Advocacy 101
 Case Study: Bob Gross, IRAS: IRAS Site Updates
 Case Study: Nigel Rudolph, FPAN: Monitoring Aquatic Preserve
3:00 pm         Small Working Groups
4:15 pm         Group Recap
6-7:30 pm      Reception, Solarium, Ponce Hall, Flagler College

Saturday, August 6 tours where noted, 2- 5 pm Jay's Corner, 1st Floor Ringhaver Student Center, Flagler College 
7:30 am        Morning paddle: monitoring sites at Salt Run, BYO watercraft
9:00 am        Tour of Castillo focusing on preservation and stabilization plans
10:45 am      Trolley tour of downtown sites at risk and preservation planning
                     (meet at trolley stop north of City Parking garage)
Lunch           On your own downtown St. Augustine
2:00 pm        Site documentation 101 for future Heritage Monitoring Scouts
3:00 pm        Photogrammetry and drones for monitoring heritage sites
3:30 pm        Big Anchor Project and Citizen Science initiatives            
4:00 pm        Artificial Shorelines and Oyster Restoration
4:30pm         Concluding remarks and evaluation return station


Speaker Bios and Presentation Abstracts (in order of agenda)


Planning for the future today: climate change and sea level rise are real and happening now - so what do we do?


Randall W. Parkinson, Ph.D., P.G. Senior Scientist and Director, Division of Coastal Zone and Watershed Management, Environmental Remediation & Recovery, Inc.

Dr. Randall W. Parkinson is a coastal geologist with nearly 35 years of professional experience in the southeast US. Since arriving in Florida to complete a Ph.D. program at the University of Miami, he has been working on issues related to coastal zone management under conditions of expanding urbanization, climate change, and sea level rise. He is a Registered Professional Geologist and Administrator of the Space Coast Climate Change Initiative.

Abstract: Since the Industrial Revolution, global atmospheric temperatures have risen nearly 1 0C and the rate of sea level rise has accelerated to more than 3 mmyr-1. Current trends in greenhouse gas emissions are expected to cause temperatures to rise an additional 2 to 5 0C by the end of this century. Resulting meltwater and thermo-expansion will likely cause sea level to rise by +0.5 to +2 m. Peninsular Florida is especially vulnerable to sea level rise as a consequence of the porous geology and low topographic relief in the coastal zone.  Adaptation actions to reduce vulnerability must begin now as significant changes to comprehensive planning, critical infrastructure, land use, etc., typically require decades to complete.  These should include identification of risk, assessment of vulnerability, formulation and implementation of an adaptation plan, and periodic re-evaluation (aka adaptive management). The current challenge is to generate the political will and resources to accomplish these actions. Continued delays will only increase the cost and complexity of a successful adaptation action plan.


Heritage Monitoring Scouts (HMS Florida): Engaging the Public to Monitor Heritage at Risk
Sarah E. Miller, Northeast and East Central Director, FPAN/Flagler College

Sarah Miller received her Masters degree in Anthropology from East Carolina University in 2001 where she developed archaeology education programs at Tryon Palace in New Bern, North Carolina. Upon graduation from ECU, Ms. Miller supervised field and lab projects with public involvement for the Kentucky Archaeological Survey, as well as reviewed compliance projects for the Kentucky Heritage Council. She now serves as Director for FPAN's Northeast and East Central Regions, national Leadership Team member and statewide coordinator for Project Archaeology, and Board Member for the St. Augustine Archaeology Association and Society for Historical Archaeology. Her specialties include public archaeology, historical archaeology, municipal archaeology and historic cemeteries.

Abstract: Along Florida’s 8,000 miles of shoreline, nearly 4,000 archaeological sites and over 600 recorded historic cemeteries are at risk from coastal erosion and rising sea levels. The matter remains complex in Florida where despite the 20 percent higher rate of sea level rise compared to the global average, “climate change” remains politically taboo. This presentation will outline ongoing efforts to engage the public in monitoring coastal sites, the creation of the Heritage Monitoring Scout (HMS Florida) by the Florida Public Archaeology Network, and gather feedback for planning Tidally United in 2017 in south Florida.


Monitoring and Predicting the Movement and Degradation of Cultural Resources Through Active Public Participation 
Austin Burkhard, Graduate Student, University of West Florida

Austin Burkhard is an incoming graduate student at the University of West Florida. He began this public monitoring program 3 years ago as an internship with the Fish and Wildlife at the Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge.

Abstract: Scattered near the coastlines of the Maryland/Virginia border, hundreds of ships met their demise through harsh oceanic conditions. These conditions have made it difficult to document and monitor sites. The author, working for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, developed a program to track the degradation and movement of shipwreck timbers as a means to manage cultural resources through public participation. Each timber is documented and given a tag, which contains a quick response (QR) code and web address the public can access. This technological feature sends a digital form from which real time data acquisition is provided to archaeologists.


Battling the Rising Sea: Challenges and Solutions for Preserving Eroding Shell Mounds in Canaveral National Seashore
Dr. Margo Schwadron, Archaeologist, National Park Service

Dr. Margo Schwadron is an Archaeologist for the National Park Service (NPS) since 1991 who specializes in wetlands, islands, coastal archeology and shell middens in the southeastern United States, especially south Florida and the coastal St. Johns region. Her research takes a landscape-centered approach to archaeology, incorporating large-scale archaeological survey and testing, remote sensing/GIS, and integrating paleo-environmental and paleo-climate research into understanding historical ecology and the interaction of humans and environment through time. Much of her work is applied to National Park Service sites, documenting and protecting vulnerable sites from climate change impacts, and using paleo-environmental data to interpret past climate change. 

Abstract: Canaveral National Seashore contains three of the largest, best preserved and tallest shell mounds in North America. Unfortunately, these significant sites are undergoing severe erosion from sea-level rise. This study highlights efforts by the NPS to recover archaeological, environmental and paleo-ecological data threatened with loss from erosion; document threatened sites with National Historic Landmark (NHL) level documentation; and efforts to stabilize and protect sites with ecosystem restoration, building of living shorelines and soft stabilization techniques. A key component to this success is youth and civic engagement, and public outreach for community support.


Climate Change, Currents, and Surges: Sea Level Rise and the Protection of Submerged Cultural Resource Sites
Owen Wright, Chief Cultural Resource Specialist, Ecology and Environment, Inc.

With over 25 years committed to the protection of cultural resources, Mr. Wright has gained a reputation as an accomplished program manager with experience leading key cultural resource investigations for both public and private clients within the renewable energy, oil and gas, and transportation development sectors. His areas of expertise include underwater archaeology, maritime and historic preservation law, historic archaeology, architectural history, historic landscape management, artifact conservation, planning, and public outreach.  Wright has always been intrigued by the effects of climate change and has recently begun studying its potential impacts on submerged archaeological sites.

Abstract: We know that climate change contributes to sea level rise, and can alter the intensity and location/distribution of storms. What is much less predictable is when and where storms will be more or less intense.  Certainly if there are more coastal storms, combined with sea level rise, the storm surge that accompanies the tempests would be more significant along our shorelines as well as upon inland riverine locations that have not traditionally experienced the effects of storm surge.   As sea levels gradually rise, submerged sites, that have remained virtually unchanged in our lifetime, will be increasingly subjected to erosion and the destabilizing forces of hydraulic action, attrition, corrasion, and corrosion.   This discussion will address these natural impacts, their effect on site context, and address strategies to preserve site integrity in the wake of these changes.


Coastal Resources Program, 1995-2016
Gary D. Ellis, Director, Gulf Archaeology Research Institute

Gary has enjoyed over 42 years of professional life in archaeology after earning an undergraduate degree in anthropology from Southern Illinois University (1975) and a graduate degree from the University of South Florida (1977). He had the honor of developing the Historic Preservation and Archaeology Division for the State of Indiana and serving as its first State Archaeologist (1977-1991). During this period he assisted the Department of Anthropology at Indiana University-Purdue University as a faculty member teaching and promoting program development and served concurrently as the archaeologist for the Indiana State Museum. His career research interests have focused on the integration of physical and natural sciences with anthropological archaeology to understand humankind's place within natural systems and his field experiences cover the gamut of terrestrial and underwater archaeology, including the recognition and recovery of archaeological context from highly damaged sites. Over the past 10 years he has contributed to the archaeological study of the Seminole Wars (1817-1854) and working with the National Park Service-American Battlefield Protection Program and the State of Florida investigated more than seven period forts and six major battlefields. Gary developed and grew the Gulf Archaeology Research Institute (1995) which is now in its 21st year of service. The diversity of his professional staff and service offerings have allowed growth in the profession and fostered historic preservation, archaeological and environmental research to assist Florida communities and agencies in need. Our goal of Connecting the Past To Our Future drives the institute and staff to provide the best services possible to facilitate cultural and natural resource research, protection and management.

Abstract: GARI was founded in 1995 as a professionally staffed non-profit research organization with social, physical, and natural science divisions. GAI conducts long-term research in a number of areas keyed to humans as parts of living systems through time. Coastal Resources are but one research foci and a part of that effort addresses the relationship between natural and cultural resources and the need to monitor both to provide best management practices along a challenged and changing coastline. This paper covers several contexts out of many and delivers no good news about resource impacts and inevitable changes.  – Our resources are in trouble.


Understanding the Threat of Sea Level Rise on an Active Archaeological Site: Partnering with Pineland in Southwest Florida
Rachael Kangas M.A., RPA

Rachael Kangas earned her M.A. from the University of Central Florida (UCF) in 2015 and her Maya Studies Certificate from UCF in 2014. She is the Public Archaeology Coordinator for the Southwest Region of the Florida Public Archaeology Network, and conducts public archaeology and outreach in the region. She has participated in multiple field seasons in the Americas and had the opportunity to conduct lab work and teach during her time at UCF.

Abstract: FPAN documented over 30 artifacts eroding from a coastal midden near Pineland in Lee County, demonstrating the importance of monitoring this threatened archaeological site. Pineland has been actively excavated for decades, making it one of the most well-understood sites in Southwest Florida. Partnering with researchers from the Florida Museum of Natural History, as well as the staff and dedicated volunteers at this site, we hope to create a model for significant partnerships, and to demonstrate the necessity of monitoring effects of sea level rise on archaeological sites.


Heritage at Risk:  Cultural Resources and Sea Level Rise in the Sunshine State
Dr. Leslee Keys, Director of Historic Preservation and Special Initiatives and Assistant Professor in History
Leslee Keys is Director of Historic Preservation and Special Initiatives and an Assistant Professor in History at Flagler College.  She holds a doctoral degree in historic preservation from the University of Florida, a master’s degree in urban and regional planning from Virginia Tech, completed a master’s program in history there as well, and an undergraduate degree in history and pre-law at Ball State University. She is the author of two books on the Hotel Ponce de Leon, now the centerpiece of Flagler College.  In 2015 she received the inaugural Roy E. Graham Award for Excellence in Historic Preservation Education from the Florida Trust for Historic Preservation, and in 2016 was the inaugural recipient of the William L. Proctor Award for the best publication on St. Augustine from the Historic St. Augustine Research Institute for her work Hotel Ponce de Leon:  The Rise, Fall and Rebirth of Flagler’s Gilded Age Palace (U Press of Florida, 2015). She orchestrated the College’s participation in the US-Spain Council events held in the Hotel Ponce de Leon, including the international dignitaries’ luncheon for the King and Queen of Spain held in September 2015.

Abstract: Florida is one of the nation's most unique and vulnerable states with regard to sea level rise. Important and rare cultural and natural resources are set in a peninsula that historically featured more than 4,000 miles of coastline, including interior waterways.  Over the past century the warm subtropical climate has drawn an extremely diverse population quickly approaching 20 million, making it the nation's fastest growing state behind Texas and third largest by population after California and Texas.  What may the future hold for the sunshine state, particularly in light of Presidential candidates differing greatly on the topic of climate change?


Case Study: Fernandina Beach: Impacts of Climate Change on Buildings and Structures
Adrienne Burke, Executive Director at Riverside Avondale Preservation (RAP)
Adrienne Burke is Executive Director at Riverside Avondale Preservation (RAP) in Jacksonville, Florida. RAP is a nonprofit membership organization whose mission is to enhance and preserve the architecture, history, cultural heritage, and economic viability of the historic neighborhoods of Riverside and Avondale. She most recently worked for the City of Fernandina Beach’s Community Development Department as the Community Development Director, coordinating Building, Planning, and Code Enforcement. Her work also involved managing the City’s historic preservation program and developing natural resource policies, as well as overall land development code and comprehensive plan compliance. She previously served as Senior Planner for the City. Adrienne has an undergraduate degree in history from the University of Virginia, and graduated from the University of Florida with a master’s degree in historic preservation/urban planning and a law degree. She is a member of the Florida Bar, a LEED Accredited Professional, and on the Board of Trustees for the Florida Trust for Historic Preservation. She continues to live in Fernandina Beach with her husband, stepson, and three dogs. She can be reached at adrienne@riversideavondale.org

Abstract: This presentation will highlight a barrier island community north of Jacksonville, FL, showing specific resources at risk, integration of climate change impacts to cultural resources into local planning efforts, and other resources used by the community.


City of St. Augustine and Sea Level Rise:  Building a municipal planning strategy for historic resources
Jennifer Wolfe, Historic Preservation Officer for the City of St. Augustine

Jenny Wolfe is the Historic Preservation Officer for the City of St. Augustine and has been with the City for over five years.  The primary focus of this position is to provide staff support for the Historic Architecture Review Board and general public and manage grant and other special projects related to historic preservation.  Additionally, she serves on the Board of the Florida Trust for Historic Preservation.  As a graduate of the University of Florida programs in historic preservation and political science she is a proud Gator.

Abstract:  St. Augustine has endured centuries of time through battles, storms, and redevelopment.  A known threat is approaching in the face of sea level rise that is affecting many communities in Florida and along the US coastline.  In the historic community of St. Augustine, our cultural resources are recognized as an important contributor of the economy and quality of life.  Many National Register and National Historic Landmark designated properties are located in the city and thus recognized by scholars for their significance.  Government officials with the City of St. Augustine are working to understand the threats posed by sea level rise and the need for adaptation strategies.  This presentation will focus on the portion of those efforts which are specifically related to sustaining these non-renewable resources for the future and identifying how these resources demonstrate past climate adaptation and mitigation.


KEYNOTE: Weather It Together: A Community-Based Model for Resiliency Planning
Lisa Craig, Chief of Historic Preservation for the City of Annapolis
Lisa Craig is chief of historic preservation for the City of Annapolis. She has 20 years of preservation experience in public service, property development and nonprofit leadership at the state and national level. Ms. Craig served for five years with the National Trust for Historic Preservation before being named the State Historic Preservation Officer for the District of Columbia. Craig earned a bachelor’s degree in historic preservation from Savannah College of Art and Design and a master’s in the field from the University of Oregon. Craig has also worked to rehabilitate officers housing at the U.S. Air Force Academy, drafted an agreement for the Fort Lawton Historic District in Seattle and developed a public-private equity structure for historic tax credit certification at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii.

Abstract: Engaging the public in the challenging issue of building a more resilient community in the face of short- and long-term climate impacts requires a team effort. Weather It Together, a program launched by the Annapolis Historic Preservation Division, is a public/private partnership built on the FEMA model of hazard mitigation planning. This comprehensive planning effort embraces community-based planning to inform citizens, educate decision-makers and engage partners in addressing the impacts of tidal flooding, subsidence and sea level rise on historic and cultural resources in Annapolis, the Chesapeake Bay and the nation.


Advocacy, Community Engagement and Cultural Resources
Dr. Judith A. Bense, President, University of West Florida and Chair of FPAN Board of Directors

Dr. Judy Bense received her Bachelors and Masters degrees in Anthropology/Archaeology from Florida State University and her PhD from Washington State University. She founded the Anthropology/Archaeology program at the University of West Florida in 1980 in an agreement tied to a large contract with the US Army Corps of Engineers. The archaeology program has developed into an important one, focused on historical and public archaeology in Florida, especially in the colonial period. The inclusion of shipwreck archaeology almost two decades ago added an important dimension to the continuing growth and development of the program. Bense has served as President of UWF since 2008 and will step down in January 2017 and return to archaeology. 

Abstract: Archaeology and history are popular with people from all walks of life in the U.S. as evidenced in all forms of media and heritage tourism. However, the public is relatively ignorant of the nature of the physical remnants of the past, their relative importance, fragility and threats. As a consequence, the public is curious about archaeology, how it is done, and how we deduce what must have happened in the past. There are several key things are effective in both satisfying this curiosity and developing a “public responsibility” for cultural resources: attitude, education, engagement, advocacy and grit. 



Advocacy 101: Archaeology Advocacy Day at the Capitol
Barbara Clark, FPAN Regional Director of Northwest and North Central Regional Centers
Barbara has been working with FPAN now for six years at the North Central Regional Center in Tallahassee. Prior to that she worked for six years in cultural resource management. She received her B.S. from Florida State University and her MA from University of Leicester. Her current interests include archaeology advocacy and legislative affairs and the utilization of technology in public outreach.
Abstract: Last legislative session brought many archaeological issues to the attention of professionals and avocationals a like. It became apparent that we needed to broaden our public outreach and education efforts to include our state lawmakers. As a result, we organized the first every Archaeology Advocacy Day at the Florida Capitol this past March. This presentation discusses the lessons learned and the plans for future advocacy days.


Brevard County Florida Master Site File Census
Photo credit: Florida Today, click on image to original post.
Bob Gross, Indian River Anthropological Society

Bob became actively interested in the field of archaeology at the age of nine. At the age of 14 he apprenticed with amateur archaeologist Albert T. Anderson of South Indian Field. With Dr. Charles Fairbanks as mentor, he received an undergraduate degree in anthropology from UF in 1973. Jobs in the field unavailable locally upon graduation, Bob worked in the defense contracting industry as a manager in administration eventually founding his own management consulting company, retiring in 1992. He has assisted numerous visiting archaeologists in the field including: Ripley Bullen, John Clauser, Calvin Jones, Carl J. Clausen, Glen Doran, Jim Dunbar, Margo Schwandron, among many others. Since the early 1980’s he has held life memberships in SEAC and FAS. Bob has served as president and other offices in the South Brevard Historical Society, The Indian River Anthropological Society, The St. Johns Anthropological Society, and is a former Chairman of the Brevard County Historical Commission. He currently is a director in the Florida Anthropological Society, secretary of the Indian River Anthropological Society and volunteers with the Brevard County Historical Commission and the Florida Historical Society.

Abstract: The Indian River Anthropological Society has embarked on an ambitious program to conduct a census of all Florida Master Site File (FMSF) sites registered within Brevard County where access is available. Review of site files indicate numerous errors; some sites erroneously reported destroyed, while others are incorrectly located. Condition of sites are assessed and photographed; disturbances, natural and/or manmade noted; potential threats identified; and where appropriate, corrective actions recommended.


FPAN and FCO Join Forces: Site Monitoring in Aquatic Preserves
Nigel Rudolph, Public Archaeology Coordinator, FPAN Central Regional Center

Nigel is the Public Archaeology Coordinator at the Central Regional Center of FPAN in Crystal River. He received his BA in cultural anthropology in 1998 from the University of West Florida and a BFA in fine arts ceramics from the University of Florida in 2002. Nigel worked as a full-time field archaeologist for over a decade before joining the Florida Public Archaeology Network team in 2013.


Abstract: Florida Coastal Office (FCO) manages more than 2 million acres of Florida’s submerged and coastal lands. Among FCO’s many duties is monitoring archaeological resources in 41 statewide aquatic preserves. A pilot program was created to aid FCO in monitoring over 400 archaeological sites within St. Martins Marsh and Big Bend Seagrasses Aquatic Preserves. FPAN Central Region is in a unique position to assist local managers by implementing monitoring strategies, organizing and managing site location information, and facilitating access to the Florida Master Site File. 

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Compiled by Sarah Miller, FPAN staff. Images submitted by presenters or saved from organizational staff pages except in the two cases noted in text.

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